Programs at school define the essential knowledge and methods to be acquired during the cycle by students. They are the national framework within which teachers organize their teaching taking into account the rates of learning of each student.
Objective: To master the language and acquire a literary culture
Students learn to:
- express themselves correctly and clearly, both orally and in writing
- read and analyze literary works and texts of all kinds
- structure their thinking
In continuation of work done in primary school, students study in depth the operation of the language and learn the rules which govern it, grammar, spelling and vocabulary, to understand a reading selection and best express.
This knowledge allows them to analyze the construction and operation of sentences and texts. Emphasis is also placed on the spelling of words and their various meanings and values depending on the context in which they are employed. Students take ownership of the rules of grammatical agreement by applying them in various exercises. They gradually enrich their vocabulary in order to use a precise and varied vocabulary, suited to situations.
Airing writing students produce texts in nature and vary considerably in length. They learn to:
- summarize or paraphrase a text read or heard about
- write dialogue, description, a full account
- suites start or invent stories
- turn text to imitate.
Orally, they practice reading aloud and to recite, to express emotions and personal thoughts to share, to rephrase the thoughts of others and to realize, to make a presentation.
In class, students study works, in whole or in excerpts, literary texts and documentaries, newspaper articles, pictures, etc.. They learn to put them in their historical and cultural context, and analyze them according to gender to which they belong.
Teachers are free to choose texts and works within the framework set by the programs. From the 6th to the 3rd, the programs follow a chronological progression in part related to the history curriculum: the ancient texts in the sixth, medieval literature and rebirth in the fifth, the narrative in the nineteenth in the fourth century, works of the twentieth and twenty-first centuries in the third.
Students also discover great literary genres over the years: the wonderful tales and stories in the sixth, the tales of adventure and comedy in the fifth, the fourth such letter. Theater and poetry are explored at each level in different ways.
Teachers encourage students to have personal reading.